Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with one,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of far more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also identified as the Valley of the Sun, which in flip is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with about four.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (one,341 km2), far more than twice the size of Tucson and one particular of the greatest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural local community close to the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was integrated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a scorching desert climate. Despite this, its canal method led to a thriving farming local community with the authentic settler’s crops remaining crucial parts of the Phoenix economy for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been identified locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economy. These remained the driving forces of the city until after World War II, when large-tech firms began to move into the valley and air conditioning created Phoenix’s scorching summers far more bearable.
The city averaged a 4 % yearly population development charge in excess of a forty–year time period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development charge slowed for the duration of the Wonderful Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.